The Debian standard install makes use of the GNOME desktop environment. There are pre-built CD images for KDE Software Compilation, Xfce and LXDE also.The remaining discs, which span five DVDs or over thirty CDs, contain all packages currently available and are not necessary for a standard install. Another install method is via a net install CD, which is much smaller than a normal install CD/DVD. It contains only the bare essentials needed to start the installer and downloads the packages selected during installation via APT. These CD/DVD images can be freely obtained by web download, BitTorrent, jigdo or from online retailers.“
What’s New in Debian 7.0
Here’s a sample of the new features in this release:
- Apache 2.2.22
- Asterisk 22.214.171.124
- GIMP 2.8.2
- an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 3.4
- GNU Compiler Collection 4.7.2
- Icedove 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Thunderbird)
- Iceweasel 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Firefox)
- KDE Plasma Workspaces and KDE Applications 4.8.4
- kFreeBSD kernel 8.3 and 9.0
- LibreOffice 3.5.4
- Linux 3.2
- MySQL 5.5.30
- Nagios 3.4.1
- OpenJDK 6b27 and 7u3
- Perl 5.14.2
- PHP 5.4.4
- PostgreSQL 9.1
- Python 2.7.3 and 3.2.3
- Samba 3.6.6
- Tomcat 6.0.35 and 7.0.28
- Xen Hypervisor 4.1.4
- the Xfce 4.8 desktop environment
- X.Org 7.7
- more than 36,000 other ready-to-use software packages, built from nearly 17,500 source packages.
For desktop users, the updated software in Debian 7 will be quite welcome (see the software section for a list of bundled applications in Debian 7).
Multiarch support is included in Debian 7, thus allowing users to install packages from different architectures on the same machine. So you can install 32-bit and 64-bit versions of software on the same computer, and the dependencies will all be resolved automatically for you.
Debian 7 also offers software speech installation, a particularly helpful feature for those who are visually impaired.
This release also supports booting and install using UEFI for 64-bit computers, but lacks support for Secure Boot.
System Requirements for Debian 7.0
Debian 7 is available for a number of different architectures, so it’s impractical to list system requirements here. See the install guide links in the install section of the review for the system requirements for your architecture.
Debian 7.0 Download
You can download Debian 7.0 from this page. The file I downloaded weighed in at 4 GB. You have the option of trying Debian as a live distro before installing, or you can simply opt to download an install version right away. I did the latter as I intended to install and use it anyway.
Debian is available for numerous architectures, I recommend reading the release notes for yours.
- Release Notes for 64-bit PC (amd64)
- Release Notes for 32-bit PC (i386)
- Release Notes for EABI ARM
- Release Notes for PowerPC
- Release Notes for Hard Float ABI ARM
- Release Notes for SPARC
- Release Notes for kFreeBSD 64-bit PC (amd64)
- Release Notes for Intel Itanium IA-64
- Release Notes for MIPS (little endian)
- Release Notes for kFreeBSD 32-bit PC (i386)
- Release Notes for IBM S/390
- Release Notes for MIPS (big endian)
- Release Notes for IBM System z
Debian 7.0 Installation
Debian 7 offers a choice between a text-based installer or a graphical installer. I opted for the graphical version.